Kalapani Museum

The Kalapani Museum is dedicated to commemorating the rich and tumultuous history of the Indian freedom struggle, particularly focusing on the infamous cellular jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Known as the “Kalapani” or “Black Water,” the Cellular Jail was notorious for its harsh conditions and the severe treatment meted out to political prisoners during British colonial rule. The museum serves as a poignant reminder of the sacrifices made by countless freedom fighters.

What makes the Kalapani Museum unique is its specialized focus on the Cellular Jail’s history and its broader significance in India’s struggle for independence. It houses a vast collection of artifacts, photographs, and documents that offer a deep insight into the lives of the prisoners and their relentless fight against colonial oppression. The museum’s importance lies in its role as an educational resource and a symbol of national pride, preserving the legacy of those who fought for India’s freedom.

History of the Kalapani Museum


The Kalapani Museum was established in 1996 to preserve and present the history of the Cellular Jail and the broader context of the Indian freedom movement. The museum was created to ensure that future generations remember the sacrifices of those who were imprisoned and often perished within the walls of the Cellular Jail. The establishment was part of a larger initiative to promote historical awareness and patriotism among Indians, particularly the youth.

Key Milestones and Developments

Since its inception, the Kalapani Museum has undergone several key developments. Initially, it began with a modest collection of artifacts and documents. Over the years, the museum has expanded its collection through donations and acquisitions, becoming a comprehensive repository of historical artifacts. Significant milestones include the digitization of records in the early 2000s, allowing for broader access to the museum’s resources, and the introduction of interactive displays and multimedia exhibits in 2010. These enhancements have significantly enriched the visitor experience, making the museum not only a place of remembrance but also an engaging educational center.

Exhibits and Attractions

Main Exhibits

The main exhibits at the Kalapani Museum include:

  • The Cellular Jail Model: A detailed scale model of the Cellular Jail, highlighting its architecture and the harsh conditions prisoners endured.
  • Freedom Fighters’ Gallery: This gallery features photographs, biographies, and personal belongings of notable freedom fighters who were incarcerated in the jail.
  • Historical Documents and Letters: A collection of letters, petitions, and official documents that provide insights into the administrative and personal struggles during the colonial period.
  • Artifacts and Tools: Various artifacts, including tools used by the prisoners and guards, are displayed to give a tangible sense of the daily life within the jail.

Special Sections and Interactive Displays

The museum also boasts special sections and interactive displays designed to engage visitors more deeply:

  • Interactive Timeline: A digital timeline of the Indian freedom movement, highlighting key events and the role of the Cellular Jail.
  • Virtual Reality Experience: An immersive VR experience that allows visitors to “walk through” the Cellular Jail, experiencing the conditions firsthand.
  • Audio-Visual Room: Regular screenings of documentaries and films related to the freedom struggle and the history of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Educational Programs

Types of Educational Programs

The Kalapani Museum offers a range of educational programs aimed at different audiences:

  • Guided Tours: These are available for school groups, families, and individual visitors, providing in-depth knowledge about the exhibits.
  • Lectures and Seminars: Regularly scheduled talks by historians, researchers, and descendants of freedom fighters.
  • Workshops: Hands-on activities and workshops related to historical research, preservation techniques, and storytelling.

Workshops, Seminars, and Other Educational Activities

The museum hosts various workshops and seminars:

  • Historical Research Workshops: These sessions teach participants how to conduct historical research using primary sources.
  • Seminars on Freedom Movement: Expert-led seminars discussing different aspects of the Indian freedom movement and the role of the Cellular Jail.
  • Cultural Heritage Workshops: Activities that explore the cultural impact of the freedom struggle, including traditional crafts and oral histories.

Programs for Schools and Educational Institutions

For schools and educational institutions, the museum offers tailored programs:

  • School Visits: Structured visits with educational materials provided to teachers.
  • Educational Kits: Take-home kits that include replicas of artifacts, documents, and other learning materials.
  • Student Projects: Opportunities for students to engage in projects and presentations based on their museum visits.

Visitor Information


The Kalapani Museum is located at: 123 Freedom Fighters Road, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India.

Opening Hours

The museum is open daily from 9:00 AM to 6:00 PM. Special timings are in effect during national holidays and significant events, with extended hours until 8:00 PM.

Ticket Prices

General admission tickets are priced at:

  • Adults: ₹50
  • Children (under 12): ₹25
  • Seniors: ₹30 Discounts are available for school groups and large educational institutions.


Visitor facilities include:

  • A cafeteria serving local and continental cuisine
  • Ample parking space
  • Accessibility features such as ramps and elevators for disabled visitors

Contact Information

For more information, visitors can contact the museum at:

  • Address: 123 Freedom Fighters Road, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
  • Phone: +91 3192 123456