20 Things To Do In Egypt

Things To Do In Egypt

From the ancient allure of pharaonic ruins to the vibrant pulse of bustling bazaars, Egypt stands as a beacon of historical magnificence and cultural richness. Embarking on a journey to this North African gem offers travelers a tapestry of experiences, blending the old with the new in ways that captivate and inspire. Whether you’re gazing in awe at the monumental Pyramids of Giza, cruising the life-giving Nile, or diving into the colorful reefs of the Red Sea, the array of things to do in Egypt is boundless. In this guide, we explore a comprehensive list of activities that highlight the best Egypt has to offer, ensuring that every traveler can find something that will make their heart race with excitement.

Things To Do In Egypt

  1. Explore the Pyramids of Giza

The Pyramids of Giza, standing majestically on the outskirts of Cairo, are a testament to ancient engineering and mystery. As the last surviving wonder of the ancient world, these structures offer a glimpse into Egypt’s rich history. Touring the Great Pyramid, the largest among them, provides a profound sense of awe. Visitors can also explore the nearby Sphinx, the iconic limestone statue with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh. This site isn’t just a tourist attraction; it’s a journey back in time, providing insights into the lives and beliefs of the ancient Egyptians.

  1. Cruise the Nile River

A Nile cruise offers a serene way to explore the heart of Egypt. These cruises typically run between Luxor and Aswan, allowing travelers to experience the tranquility of the Nile’s waters while observing daily life and historical sites along its banks. Onboard, you can enjoy luxurious accommodations and traditional cuisine. Stops often include the Valley of the Kings, Karnak Temple, and other significant archaeological locales. This journey not only showcases the breathtaking landscapes but also delves into the narrative of civilizations that once thrived along these riverbanks.

  1. Visit the Egyptian Museum in Cairo

Located in the heart of Cairo, the Egyptian Museum is a treasure trove of artifacts, offering an exhaustive panorama of Egyptian history packed under one roof. The museum houses an impressive collection, including the golden treasures of Tutankhamun and rare pieces dating back to 5000 BC. Walking through the museum is like strolling through the pages of history, with each artifact telling its own story of a civilization that has fascinated the world for millennia.

  1. Discover Siwa Oasis

Siwa Oasis is a cultural gem located in the Libyan Desert. Known for its beautiful landscapes and rich Berber culture, Siwa offers a distinct contrast to the more frequented tourist spots. Here, you can explore ancient mud-brick fortresses, take a dip in Cleopatra’s Spring, and wander through lush palm groves. The local handicrafts, like intricate silver jewelry and hand-woven kilims, make for unique souvenirs. Siwa is not just a place to visit; it’s an experience to be lived, offering a blend of adventure, history, and natural beauty.

  1. Dive in the Red Sea

For water enthusiasts and marine life admirers, diving in the Red Sea is an unforgettable experience. The clear, warm waters host some of the world’s most vibrant coral reefs and an array of exotic fish. Popular spots like Sharm El Sheikh and Hurghada provide not only top-notch diving services but also the opportunity to relax at luxury resorts. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced diver, the Red Sea’s underwater world is an enchanting spectacle that promises both thrill and serenity.

  1. Wander through the Temples of Karnak

The Karnak Temple Complex in Luxor stands as a staggering display of ancient Egyptian architecture and spiritual devotion. Covering a vast area, it took over two thousand years to construct this site dedicated to the Theban gods. The highlight is the Great Hypostyle Hall, a forest of giant papyrus-shaped columns that leaves visitors in awe. A visit here isn’t just a tour; it’s an immersive experience that echoes the grandeur and power of the pharaohs.

  1. Experience the Khan El-Khalili Bazaar

For a taste of local life and a dash of haggling, head to the bustling lanes of Khan El-Khalili in Cairo. This famous bazaar, dating back to the 14th century, offers everything from spices and souvenirs to handcrafted jewelry and intricate textiles. Walking through the crowded alleys, you’ll be enveloped by the rich scents of Arabic coffee and traditional perfumes. It’s more than shopping—it’s an engaging cultural experience in the heart of old Cairo.

  1. Attend the Sound and Light Show at the Pyramids of Giza

While visiting the Pyramids of Giza during the day is a must, attending the Sound and Light Show at night transforms the experience. The stories of Egypt’s great rulers and the history of the pyramids are narrated in dramatic fashion, with colorful lights casting shadows over these ancient wonders. It’s a captivating way to learn about the rich history while experiencing it in a unique, sensory-rich environment.

  1. Visit the Monuments of Abu Simbel

The colossal temples of Abu Simbel, near the border with Sudan, are among the most breathtaking monuments in the world. Built by Ramses II, these temples are famed for their grandeur and their cliffside relocation in the 1960s to prevent them from flooding. The Great Temple’s facade, adorned with four giant statue of Ramses himself, watches over Lake Nasser, offering a spectacular sight, especially during the twice-yearly sun festival when sunlight illuminates the inner sanctum.

  1. Take a Felucca Ride on the Nile at Sunset

A felucca is a traditional wooden sailboat, and taking a ride on one as the sun sets over the Nile is an experience filled with peace and beauty. The quiet, rhythmic sound of the water against the sail offers a tranquil respite from the bustling city life. It’s a perfect way to enjoy a quieter moment, reflecting on the vast history that surrounds you while watching the sunset paint the river with colors of orange and pink.

  1. Explore Alexandria’s Bibliotheca Alexandrina

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Alexandria is a striking piece of modern architecture and a cultural nod to the ancient Library of Alexandria, once the largest in the world. Today’s library is not only a place of study but also a museum and a cultural center hosting art exhibitions, a planetarium, and various historical collections. Visitors can immerse themselves in a wealth of knowledge and culture, exploring everything from ancient manuscripts to contemporary art.

  1. Sandboarding in the Great Sand Sea

For an adrenaline rush mixed with unique scenery, sandboarding in Egypt’s vast dune field, the Great Sand Sea near Siwa Oasis, offers an exhilarating experience. The large, smooth dunes are perfect for gliding down on a board, providing both a challenge and a thrilling adventure. It’s a fun contrast to the more traditional cultural tours and a chance to see some of the desert’s most beautiful landscapes.

  1. Tour the Islamic Cairo District

Islamic Cairo, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is not a typical tourist destination; it’s a historical treasure filled with mosques, madrasas, and monuments dating back to the Islamic conquests. Walking through its streets, you’ll encounter an array of architectural styles and the vibrant life that has pulsated through these alleys for centuries. Highlights include the stunning Muizz Street, known for its beautiful Islamic monuments, and the impressive Sultan Hassan Mosque.

  1. Visit the Tombs of the Nobles in Luxor

The Tombs of the Nobles in Luxor offer a different perspective on ancient Egyptian life, focusing on the elite rather than the royals. Located on the West Bank across from Luxor, these tombs boast detailed and colorful frescoes that depict daily life, offering insights into the customs, clothing, and interactions of people who lived thousands of years ago. It’s a quieter, less crowded alternative to the Valley of the Kings, providing a more intimate glimpse into ancient Egyptian society.

  1. Relax at Marsa Alam on the Red Sea

Marsa Alam is emerging as a top Red Sea destination, known for its serene beaches and impressive coral reefs. It’s an ideal spot for snorkeling, diving, and enjoying the sun-kissed beaches away from the more crowded tourist areas. The clear waters and abundant marine life make Marsa Alam a paradise for underwater enthusiasts and those looking to relax by the sea in a calm, natural setting.

  1. Climb Mount Sinai

Climbing Mount Sinai provides a blend of spiritual significance and natural beauty. This mountain, traditionally considered the place where Moses received the Ten Commandments, offers an unforgettable hiking experience. The trek to the summit is especially popular at dawn, where climbers can witness one of the most breathtaking sunrises over the rugged mountainous landscape. The panoramic views from the top are well worth the overnight climb, and the sense of historical and spiritual presence is profound.

  1. Visit the Temple of Hatshepsut

The Temple of Hatshepsut, located near Luxor, is one of the most striking architectural wonders in Egypt. This mortuary temple, dedicated to one of Egypt’s most successful pharaohs, is carved directly into the rock face and features a series of terraces with large colonnades. Its design and decorations reflect the high status of the queen and provide a spectacular backdrop for learning about the power and prestige of female rulers in ancient Egypt.

  1. Explore the White Desert National Park

For a surreal natural experience, visit the White Desert National Park, where chalk-white landscapes and wind-eroded rock formations create a scene straight out of a science fiction movie. Overnight camping trips under the stars offer a complete immersion into this unique environment. The rock formations, shaped like giant mushrooms or pebbles, change colors as the sun sets and rises, providing a magical and tranquil escape from the bustling cities.

  1. Attend the Abu Simbel Sun Festival

The Abu Simbel Sun Festival is an awe-inspiring event that happens twice a year (October 22 and February 22), celebrating the alignment of the sun with the temple of Ramses II. This phenomenon illuminates the inner sanctum of the temple, a sight that only occurs these two days each year. The festival draws crowds who come to witness this rare event, accompanied by local markets, traditional music, and dance performances, creating a festive atmosphere.

  1. Take a Hot Air Balloon Ride in Luxor

A hot air balloon ride over Luxor at sunrise offers a different vantage point of Egypt’s rich landscape. Floating silently above the Nile Valley, you can see the magnificent ruins of temples and tombs in the soft morning light. This peaceful experience provides stunning aerial views of the Valley of the Kings, Valley of the Queens, and the majestic Temple of Karnak, showcasing the grand scale and historical depth of Luxor’s archaeological sites.


Egypt is more than just a travel destination; it’s a world of exploration that invites every visitor to become a part of its narrative. From the heights of Mount Sinai to the depths of the Red Sea, the serene deserts to vibrant city streets, each location offers a unique story waiting to be told. Engaging in the activities listed above is not just about checking places off a travel list; it’s about immersing oneself in the history, culture, and natural beauty of this timeless land. Whether you seek the thrill of adventure, the echoes of the past, or simply a peaceful retreat into nature, the things to do in Egypt will fill your journey with memories that last a lifetime. Rediscover wonder, rediscover history—rediscover Egypt.

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